Sign in to follow this  
Followers 0

Cynicism linked to greater dementia risk, study says


24 posts in this topic

Posted (edited) · Report post

I posted this in the football section because I feel it belongs there.  If this is even partly true, a lot of our posters should end up the equivalent of a turnip within five years.

 

Cynicism linked to greater dementia risk, study says
By Jen Christensen, CNN
updated 8:56 PM EDT, Wed May 28, 2014

People who test as highly cynical late in life have an increased chance of being diagnosed with dementia later in life.
STORY HIGHLIGHTS

120822080511-man-looking-out-window-shad

    The most cynical people in this study had more than double the risk of dementia
    Cynicism is also linked to higher rates of cancer-related deaths and cardiovascular disease
    Cynical people tend to have a greater stress response, which can lead to inflammation

(CNN) -- Your spouse "had to stay late at work" -- are you skeptical? Do you think your friend doesn't like you if he cancels dinner plans? Do you suspect that your co-worker is putting her ambitions ahead of the team?

Curmudgeons of the world, listen up: This line of negative thinking might actually hurt your health.

A new study in the latest edition of Neurology, the journal of the American Academy of Neurology, found that cynical people have a higher likelihood of developing dementia.

"There have been previous studies that showed that people who were cynical were more likely to die earlier and have other poor health outcomes, but no one that we could tell ever looked at dementia," said Anna-Maija Tolppanen, one of the study's authors and a professor at the University of Eastern Finland. "We have seen some studies that show people who are more open and optimistic have a lower risk for dementia so we thought this was a good question to ask."

Studying cynicism

Cynicism is a deep mistrust of others. Psychologists consider it a kind of chronic anger that develops over time.

Specifically, the kind of cynicism researchers looked at involved doubting the truth of what people say and believing most people are motivated by self-interest rather than by what is best for the community.

Village only for people with dementia

The study tested 1,449 people with an average age of 71. The study participants took a test for dementia. A separate test measured their level of cynicism. Both tests are considered reliable by researchers.

The cynicism test asks if the person agrees with statements like "Most people will use somewhat unfair reasons to gain profit or an advantage rather than lose it"; "I think most people would lie to get ahead"; and "It is safer to trust nobody."

Those who agreed with the critical statements in the test were considered highly cynical. The people with the highest level of cynical distrust had a 2.54 times greater risk of dementia than those with the lowest cynicism rating.

Researchers also examined the test results to see if the subjects who were labeled highly cynical died sooner than the others. But once compounding factors were screened out, they did not. Previous studies have shown a link between cynicism and an earlier death.

Still, the new study does not prove that having a bad attitude causes bad health outcomes. To prove a causal relationship, a study would need randomized controlled trials to show that a reduction in cynical attitudes through treatment actually lowered the risk of bad health outcomes.

More research is necessary to replicate the conclusions. But the results complement a wide body of research showing how "over time, people with highly cynical hostility do worse health wise," said Dr. Hilary Tindle, assistant professor of medicine at the University of Pittsburgh.

Why cynicism may be bad for you

What might explain an association between cynicism and poor health?

This is a complex issue that needs to be studied more, Tindle said. The relationships between psychological attitudes and health outcomes are very complex.

"I can tell you from my clinical perspective from treating patients, I am absolutely certain that psychological attitudes can lead people down a road to poor health, because I see it every day when I talk to patients," said Tindle, who wrote the book "Up: How Positive Outlook Can Transform Our Health and Aging."

Tindle was the lead author on a study that examined the health outcomes of over 97,000 women and found that cynical women had a higher hazard of cancer-related mortality.

"The bottom line is that a high degree of anger/hostility/cynicism is not good for health," she wrote.

Research shows cynical people also tend to smoke more, exercise less and weigh more. They also have a harder time following even the best medical advice, because their cynical natures won't let them believe what people tell them, Tindle said.

Past studies have also found that people who are cynical have a higher rate of coronary heart disease, cardiovascular problems and cancer-related deaths. Cardiovascular disease can contribute to dementia because it essentially damages small blood vessels everywhere in your body, including in your brain.

Cynical people also tend to have greater stress responses, which means they typically have a higher heart rate, a higher blood pressure peak, and a tendency to have greater inflammation of their immune systems. Chronic inflammation is now known to be harmful to one's overall health and it is linked to everything from Crohn's disease to high cholesterol to even Alzheimer's.

Do what makes you happy

Can you come out of cynicism?

The good news is, being highly cynical is not a permanent state of mind.

"I am also certain that people can learn to change -- they change every day in that they quit smoking, they lose weight, they cut ties in unhealthy friendships," Tindle said. "The ultimate message is people are not 'doomed' if they have cynical tendencies."

So if your assumptions about people are making you angry and irritable, try having a little more trust.

"All of us are capable of adopting healthier attitudes," Tindle said. "As a physician, I see people of all ages making positive change every day."

 

 

http://www.cnn.com/2014/05/28/health/cynical-dementia/index.html?hpt=hp_t2

Edited by kelticwizard
0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Posted · Report post

Bgck22m.gif

1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Posted · Report post

I hope T0m's not reading this.

0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Posted · Report post

Thanks for posting. But what you call "cynicism," I call "arbitrage of The Real." The great burden of keeping you people on the right path drives us over the edge.

0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Posted · Report post

This would explain alot.

 

(See internet tough guy thread)

1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Posted · Report post

Shepherding the sheeple ain't easy.

0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Posted · Report post

I consider myself the Tywin Lannister of JetNation.

0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Posted · Report post

Thanks for posting. But what you call "cynicism," I call "arbitrage of The Real." The great burden of keeping you people on the right path drives us over the edge.

  

Shepherding the sheeple ain't easy.

  

I consider myself the Tywin Lannister of JetNation.

Clearly it's too late for T0m. Hopefully this article can help some other folks, though.

2

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Posted (edited) · Report post

I call it pragmatism. People are by and large self serving. As far as negativity towards the Jets. I have a lifetime of empirical evidence, you have the same positive outlook every year based on mental gymnastics.

Edited by SayNoToDMC
0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Posted · Report post

Where am I? How did I get here? I'm very frightened.

0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Posted · Report post

I consider myself the Tywin Lannister of JetNation.

That would be nice. I consider you the Tywin lannister as well.

0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Posted · Report post

You be positive. I'll be realistic.

0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Posted · Report post

Not being "cynical" IS dementia.

0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Posted · Report post

I  seriously doubt that conclusion.

0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Posted · Report post

I  seriously doubt that conclusion.

Its better to just play along. Questioning this article could cause cancer.

0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Posted · Report post

I  seriously doubt that conclusion.

 

That's right, get on the train, Faba!

0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Posted · Report post

0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Posted · Report post

I consider myself the Tywin Lannister of JetNation.

 

Some of us hope you're more like Brooks Hatlen.

 

shawshank-brooks-o.gif

0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Posted · Report post

I consider myself the Tywin Lannister of JetNation.

 

Suddenly everyone on this board wants to be Tyrion.

0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Posted · Report post

The cynicism test asks if the person agrees with statements like "Most people will use somewhat unfair reasons to gain profit or an advantage rather than lose it"; "I think most people would lie to get ahead"; and "It is safer to trust nobody."

 

 

 

I know people who answer no to those questions, they are called suckers

1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Posted · Report post

Its better to just play along. Questioning this article could cause cancer.

 

lol

0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Posted · Report post

Bullsh*t

1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Posted · Report post

i am not a cynic. i will be cheering louder than anyone at each of our 4 wins this year.

1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Posted (edited) · Report post

Suddenly everyone on this board wants to be Tyrion.

It's short dress season in the city. He's got a prime view and the financial wherewithal to land any aspiring actress by dropping his father's name if he likes the goods.

Edited by SayNoToDMC
0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Create an account or sign in to comment

You need to be a member in order to leave a comment

Create an account

Sign up for a new account in our community. It's easy!


Register a new account

Sign in

Already have an account? Sign in here.


Sign In Now
Sign in to follow this  
Followers 0