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great article for Ghost, Irish Jet and my fanclub


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WEDNESDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- British researchers say they've identified a "hate circuit" in the brain.

This hate circuit shares part of the brain associated with aggression, but is distinct from areas related to emotions such as fear, threat, and danger, said researchers Professor Semir Zeki and John Romaya, of University College London's laboratory of neurobiology.

The study was published online Oct. 29 in the journal PLoS One.

"Hate is often considered to be an evil passion that should, in a better world, be tamed, controlled, and eradicated," Zeki said in a journal news release. "Yet to the biologist, hate is a passion that is of equal interest to love. Like love, it is often seemingly irrational and can lead individuals to heroic and evil deeds. How can two opposite sentiments lead to the same behavior?"

In this study, 17 female and male volunteers underwent brain scans while they looked at photos of a person they hated, along with photos of a "neutral" person. Looking at images of hated people triggered activity in an area that includes structures in the cortex and in the sub-cortex as well as components that generate aggressive behavior and translate it into action.

The hate circuit also includes a part of the frontal cortex that's believed to play a major role in predicting the actions of others, likely an important feature when a person is faced with someone they hate, the researchers said.

The sub-cortical activity of the hate circuit involves two structures called the putamen and insula. The putamen plays a role in the perception of contempt and disgust, and may be part of the motor system that's mobilized to take action, the scientists said.

"Significantly, the putamen and insula are also both activated by romantic love. This is not surprising. The putamen could also be involved in the preparation of aggressive acts in a romantic context, as in situations when a rival presents a danger. Previous studies have suggested that the insula may be involved in responses to distressing stimuli, and the viewing of both a loved one and a hated face may contribute such a distressing signal," Zeki said.

He added that activity in parts of the hate circuit matches the strength of the person's declared intensity of hate, "thus allowing the subjective state of hate to be objectively quantified. This finding may have legal implications in criminal cases, for example."


does this explain the inferiority complex of Ghost, Irish Jet and other Laker fans?

Your IQ is pathetic.

Gayout. Go kill yourself.

. I hate you, honestly. I think a wet f'ing paper towel has better knowledge than you.

poor baby...


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It would be boring around here if we all loved each other.

I know but the Blackout Ghost feud is especially bad. It's like watching two 5 year olds arguing over whose mother is fatter. It's like that one fight from South Park. Timmy Vs Jimmy.

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I know but the Blackout Ghost feud is especially bad. It's like watching two 5 year olds arguing over whose mother is fatter. It's like that one fight from South Park. Timmy Vs Jimmy.

At least Timmy/Jimmy was entertaining. The Blackout vs. everyone isnt fun for anyone not involved in it. They need to find ways to make it fun and exciting for everyone.

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Nobody likes Ghost (j/k :)) and people wont get upset with Blackout bitching about him.

You are a JetNation legend so you were an easy target. Always go for the big fish.

irish jet aka 50 posts per day is a newbourn Laker fan

since when did he live in LA?

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WTF are you talking about? You have to live in an area to support a team?

Where do you live? A cross between Cleveland/NY/Boston?

Also dude, you have 800 posts more than I do through the last 28 days.

Blackout lives in the gangsta capitol of the USA. It goes by the name of Bangor, Maine.

You know, the state that is 96.7% white and blacks make up 0.8% of the population.


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